John Keats was born in London in 1795. He first studied medicine but, preferring to write poetry, he published his first sonnets in 1816. His first book of poems appeared in 1817, and a year later he published Endymion. The publication of Lamia and Other Poems in 1820, written during his famously tempestuous affair with Fanny Brawne, established his reputation for all time. He died from tuberculosis in Rome in 1821, aged only twenty-five.